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主页企业学习资源 医学英语 医学英语

医学英语阅读:甲状腺癌的症状

什么是甲状腺癌,要怎么看出是否患上了呢?医学双语阅读解析,如何判断是不是患上甲状腺癌。

Thyroid gland issimply the butterfly-shaped gland which is located in front of the neck. It’san essential gland of the endocrine system. This particular gland is usuallyresponsible for all the cells consumption as well as use of energy. Inaddition, it regulates your growth, body metabolism and also sexualdevelopment. Once problems occur in this gland, you might have chances ofeither developing heart diseases, becoming obese and even infertile. You canalso get the very exceptional chance of developing thyroid cancer.

甲状腺是一只位于颈前的蝶形腺体。它是内分泌系统的一个重要腺体。这个特殊的腺体通常负责所有细胞的消耗和能量的使用。此外,它还可以调节你的生长、身体代谢和性发育。一旦问题出现在这个腺体,你有可能患心脏病、肥胖,甚至是不育。你也可能例外患上甲状腺癌。

Thyroid canceris actually an uncommon kind of thyroid disease. Its causes are not exactlyknown but it normally starts with the rapid multiplication of the cells inthyroid gland. Nevertheless, certain risk factors also increase the chance ofone developing the cancer. Once you’re exposed to these risk factors, you’reprone to develop this disease. Some of these risk factors include:

甲状腺癌实际上是一种罕见的甲状腺疾病。其原因并不完全清楚,但它通常是从甲状腺细胞的快速增殖开始的。然而,某些危险因素也增加了癌症患病的机会。一旦接触到这些危险因素,你就容易患上这种疾病。这些危险因素包括:

Radiation –Exposure to extra radiation increases the risk of developing this cancer. Someof the sources of radiation include the X-rays used to treat the enlargedtonsils, acne, head and neck problems.

辐射:暴露于额外的辐射会增加罹患癌症的风险。一些辐射的来源包括用于治疗扁桃体肿大、痤疮、头部和颈部问题的X射线。

Gender – Femalesare actually thrice more likely to develop thyroid cancer when compared to men.

性别:女性实际上比男性患上甲状腺癌的可能要大三倍。

Genetics – Thehistory of your family is also a risk factor of this cancer. You’re more proneto thyroid cancer in case there had been cases of this disease in your family.

遗传:你的家族史也是这种癌症的一个危险因素。在你的家族里有这种疾病的病例,你就更容易患上甲状腺癌。

Age and Race –Those individuals who are above forty years as well as Africans are more proneto develop thyroid cancer and also.

年龄和种族:年龄在四十岁以上的人,以及非洲人也更容易患上甲状腺癌。

 

甲状腺癌有什么样的症状,该怎么判断

Thyroid cancersymptoms include:

(甲状腺癌的症状)包括:

Neck pain – Painis normally a clue that something in your anatomy is not working quite well asit should be. In case you have neck pain which lasts longer than several weeks,you should try to make an appointment with your doctor so as to figure out whatis causing it.

颈部疼痛:疼痛通常是一个线索,在解剖学上有些东西不工作,应该是一件好事。如果你有颈部疼痛,持续时间超过几个星期,你就应该看医生了,以便找出是什么原因造成的。

Throat pain –Just like the neck pain, you should see your doctor if you have pain thatdoesn’t go away. It could be a possible symptom of this disease.

喉咙痛:就像脖子痛,如果疼痛很长时间不消失,你应该去看医生。这可能是这种疾病的一个症状。

Hoarse voice –Thyroid gland is just located below the larynx and is also known as the voicebox. A thyroid nodule that could be thyroid cancer might be pressing on thelarynx thus causing hoarseness. This is an uncommon method that thyroid canceris detected.

嗓音嘶哑:甲状腺位于也被称为语音信箱的喉部下方。甲状腺癌引起的甲状腺肿大,可能会挤压喉部造成声音嘶哑。这是一种检查甲状腺癌的非常规的方法。

Swollen lymphnode – Another symptom of thyroid cancer is the swollen lymph nodes in yourneck. Thyroid cancer may spread to the lymph nodes that are scatteredthroughout the body to help you fight the infection. Lymph node in the neck maybecome swollen especially when you have a sore throat or a cold. For instance,once the infection is gone, they should immediately return to their normalsizes. If the lymph nodes in the neck stays enlarged for an extended period oftime and yet you are not sick, you should consult your doctor.

淋巴结肿大:甲状腺癌另一个症状是你颈部的淋巴结肿大。甲状腺癌可能扩散到全身各处的淋巴结,以帮助你对抗感染。尤其是当你喉咙痛或感冒时,颈部淋巴结会变得肿胀。例如,一旦感染消失,它们应该立即恢复正常的大小。如果颈部淋巴结在一段较长的时间内仍然肿大,而你没有生病,你应该咨询你的医生。

A painless lumpwhich may gradually get bigger appears in the neck or throat.

有一种无痛性肿块,在逐渐变大,出现在颈部或咽喉部位。

Difficultyswallowing or breathing.

感觉吞咽困难或者呼吸困难。

The symptoms ofthis cancer are usually hard to detect. The noticeable symptoms are normallycaused by the thyroid nodules where this cancer is developing. In case younotice some of these symptoms or signs, kindly make an appointment with yourdoctor.

这种癌症的症状通常很难察觉。明显的症状通常是由甲状腺结节引起的癌症的发展。如果你注意到这些症状或体征,请与你的医生预约。

如果身体有不适请联系医生为你检查,不要在缺乏医生指导下妄下判断。身体才是你最重要的本钱,不要轻易挥霍掉你的健康。必克医学英语祝大家身体健康!

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